Examine Key Challenges Faced by the Public Sector Management of the Global South?

2665 Words Apr 2nd, 2013 11 Pages
* Examine the key challenges for public sector management in the global south. Illustrate your answer with contrasting country examples.

Most of the global south countries such as the African countries have attained their independence around the 1950’s and 1960’s. The public sectors which are known as the government sector have set of roles that need to be look after the welfare of the state such as the security, environment, health system, education and so forth. The public sector in the global south has some key issues that need to be tackled. Some of the key challenges that needs tackling is the reduction of poverty, corruption and aid which has been prevailing for a very long time.

Yet, it cannot be easily forgotten to mention
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The financial institutions allocate financial aids to countries according to their criteria and how well their public institutes operate or perform. This leads to pressure on the global south, leading to governance conditionality which many countries are not so happy about it. For instance Kenya had been given five times aid without any result of progress. Until 2000 IMF bank actual withheld aid from them after a court hearing about the anti-corruption authority. The challenges that global south face is the need for good governance. (Glennie,J, 2008).

However, some countries are not happy with the fact that the international institutions need to dictate to them on how to run their country and apply pressures. On the other side of the coined most of the global south countries have less accountability and transparency which makes difficult to account for the use of the fund. The government capacity is really important for the development of the public sector as many countries have developed under a strong regime and the outcome was brilliant example Korea and China. Accountability is very important for both the public sector as well as the international donors; it also gives voice to the poor people.

Theoretical perspectives
At the various theoretical perspectives which have influence in the situations in Africa are the New Public Management (NPM), New Institutional Economics
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