Examine the Conditions That Led to the Rise of a Single-Party State Under Mao Zedong.

1513 Words Oct 24th, 2012 7 Pages
Victor Heaulme
IB History SL
28/02/12

EXAMINE THE CONDITIONS THAT LED TO THE RISE OF A SINGLE-PARTY STATE UNDER MAO ZEDONG.

“In October 1949 Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China” (IB Packet, 60). This date marked the official beginning of the CCP’s (Chinese Communist Party) rule under a single party rule. However, one question remains: what exactly were the prominent conditions that led to this rise of the CCP under Mao Zedong? Although one could easily isolate several specific variables that aided the parties rise, such as the failure of the GMD (Nationalist Party) or even The May 4th Movement, one must look at it more broadly to understand the bigger picture of the circumstances. When
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For example, it became more united under the leadership of Mao, and it adapted Marxist ideals to the situation of China, thus “signifying” it (IB Packet, 68). Most of all, however, the CCP managed to united and gain the support of the peasantry, something that very largely helped it in attaining its goals. Then, during the Civil War, the general Chinese population blamed the GMD for instigating the Civil War (1946-1949), as well as the GMD seeing itself becoming increasingly against personal freedom etc. As a result, by the end of the Civil War, the CCP was clearly the stronger party, as can be seen by its army growing from 1.2 million to 4 million between 1946-1949, while the GMD’s went from 4.8 million to 1.5 million. Thus, in October 1949, Mao proclaimed China the “People’s Republic of China,” ergo starting the rule of a single-party state in China. The next conditions to be analyzed according to the Chinese context before the establishment of a single-party state are the social and economic conditions. Socially, one of the primary conditions was one previously mentioned, that of the GMD not giving recognition, or coming to the aid of, the peasantry. This ignoring of this huge portion of the population caused their group to lose much support and, in turn, give a lot of that support away to the CCP, who took advantage of the situation. Even the runaway inflation had major causes on the outcome. According to Lawrence, “The Nationalist’s failure to stop runaway

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