Examinig the Effect of Human Population Control Essay examples
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As of today’s date, the United States Census Bureau estimated the world’s population to be an astounding number of 7.151 billion, at around a growth rate of roughly 81 million annually, or 1.2% per year. On the other hand, nearly 600 years ago, the population was around 300 million (according to the CIA). Ever since improvements in agricultural productivity and medical advances, population growth has risen drastically over the years. However, when studies proved that it could possibly lead to detrimental scenarios like environmental degradation and poverty, some countries began to establish population control policies. Population control is defined as ‘a policy of attempting to limit the growth in numbers of a population,…show more content… Technological advancement in fertility treatment grants couples the ability to have a much more successful conception.
Unfortunately, overpopulation causes drastic and detrimental effects on our planet. They include:
• shortage of resources (water supply, food supply)
• social problems (War and conflicts, population density e.g.)
• species endangerment (Destruction of habitats, species extinction e.g.)
These complications take place because there is an addition of nearly 1 billion people on Earth every 12 years. These issues will only grow if there’s no solution.
Global Perspectives- Part 2
India launched its own national family planning program in 1951, which also became the world's first governmental population stabilization program. Up until now, it is estimated to have prevented 168 million births. In the early 1970s, the Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi implemented a program regarding forced sterilization on men with two or more children. But when it got too far, such as when single and poor men were subjected to the program, or when a few states stated it was compulsory in order for people to receive new housing or other government benefits, it was hugely criticized and ended as a failure.
Nevertheless, India still faces another dilemma: Abortion. The sex ratio of boys to girls (babies) is 1.12/1. In many parts of India (like many other Asian countries), having daughters are not preferred; therefore many