Examining the Civil War

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Examining the Civil War

Examining the Civil War
A war that originated because the nation was divided ultimately marked the beginning of a truly unified United States. The Civil War put to rest the increasing sectionalism that divided the North, the South, and the newly colonized West. At the root were the issues of slavery in the South, and the attempt of the Southern states to withdraw from the Union. Although many lives and untold millions were lost in personal belongings, livestock, and structures, the Civil War set in motion the progression towards a unified Nation. During the 18th and 19th century, slavery was a very significant aspect of the development of the nation. The economic, social, and political development of the
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This act placed full power of the federal government behind efforts to recapture escaped slaves. The intervention of the federal government in the plight of escaped slaves infuriated Northerners. Making issues worse was the Kansas-Nebraska Act that allowed the settlers of these two territories to decide whether to enter the Union as slave states or free states. The sense of common interest and mutual sympathy that had bound the North and South together during the American Revolution was gone (Davis, 1983, p. 33).
The House of Representatives was under control of the Northern States, but the Senate belonged to neither section. The extension of slavery to Missouri touched off another debate. Southerners trapped in their dependence on slavery accused Northerners of exaggerating the evils of slavery and challenged the right of the North to meddle in the affairs of the South. When Maine was admitted as a Free State and Missouri as a slave state, the slavery issue was seemingly settled. A boundary line was also drawn from east to west, states north of the line would be free and states south of the line would be slave. The Missouri Compromise only papered over the problem of the extension of slavery and it was satisfactory to no one. The actions of Congress had aligned that states against each other on a sectional basis, for the first time in the history of the nation (Davis, 1983, p. 36).
Tariffs that protected the profits of Northern manufacturers caused
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