The summary of Chapter 6 is that community sports and youth in North America are somewhat offered a variety of settings such as private sports clubs, schools, and recreation center across the globe. There are several types of sport structures that create many management challenges including conflicts over the goal of an organization, accessibility, the management of volunteers, and financial likelihood. Even though the sport participation continues to grow both in the U.S. and Canada, the opportunities are widely based on topography and gender meaning places like rural areas or gender types such as females are still lagging in access to the sport participation. Families, societies, and individuals benefit from physical activity and sport. The
Austin, Texas ranks among the fittest cities in America. This year, in 2015, the city ranked No. 14. The city has a lot of physical activities and since my dad’s whole side of the family all lives in Austin, we get to visit there almost every year and participate in the many activities that the city provides
Childhood obesity is a major public health epidemic which has significantly risen over the past three decades and there is no chance in sight of slowing it down unless real action is taken. This major health crisis continues to reduce individuals’ quality of life and has caused severe health problem like heart disease which is the leading cause of death in the United States and around the world. In most cases, obese children grow up to be an obese adult. The prevalence of childhood obesity can be addressed through education initiatives such as school prevention programs because children spent a majority of their time outside of the home at school, therefore school provides a great opportunity to educate and improve a child’s health at an ideal point before the problem gets worst. My paper will focus on childhood obesity prevention in Hill Top Middle school Lodi, New Jersey.
Collectively, recreation centers or gyms have had an impact upon several collective lives, effecting our sociological imagination. As an example, a whole new
Kids who live in places like housing tracts, condos, and planned communities are not allowed or discouraged to take part in outdoor activities. More than 57 million people live in places that control what that person and their family does. Even the public government can restrict children’s access to nature. “For the most part the criminalization of natural play is more suggestive than real. However, in some communities, young people who try to recreate their parents’ childhoods may face misdemeanor charges or see their parents sued.” Page 29. With these regulations kids are basically forced to join a sports teams. Sports are good for kids but it doesn’t let them be free and do what they want. Studies have shown that modern families are spending more time watching television and on the computer. Growing obesity rates among adults and children because of diets and sedentary lifestyles. Since kids are not going outside and playing as much they are getting less exercise and are more obese than ever. U.S. researcher Jane Clark, a University of Maryland professor of kinesiology suggests “that a generation of children is not only being raised indoors, but is being confined to even smaller spaces.” “calls them “containerized kids”- they spend more and more time in car seats, high chairs, and even baby seats for watching TV. When children do go outside, they’re often placed in containers-strollers-and pushed by walking or jogging parents.” These are used to keep the kids safe but research suggests that it effects the long-term health of children. As more people are being affected by nature deficit more scientific evidence is emerging that indicates direct contact with nature is essential for mental and physical
Healthy People implemented an extensive list of physical activity objectives targeting youth of all ages. The objectives are all aimed at promoting the health benefits of maintaining a physically active life-style. The following objective targets a major area of concern for the medical community and the increase of inactivity among today's youth; “PA-8.2.2; Increase the proportion of children and adolescents aged 6 to 14 years who view television, videos, or play video games for no more than 2 hours a
If we want our children to become more active then we need to find ways to provide areas where they can safely plan and interact with other children. We need to encourage community members to actively participate in opportunities to create a healthier community. A partnership with community members is needed to make the changes necessary to promote and provide access to safe recreational areas for children. In the short term while we are trying to find ways to clean up existing playgrounds and build new ones, we need schools to open gyms and sports fields during non-school hours so children can play safely after school, on the weekend and over summer vacation. Creating affordable after school programs, summer programs and free or low cost summer camps for low-income families is a place to start while working on building more and safer playgrounds. There are challenges regarding cleaning existing playgrounds or creating new ones. Neighborhoods or schools lack the resources to provide playgrounds, parks and after school programs and some neighborhoods are unsafe for children. Parents can become advocates for their children by writing letters to school administrators and board members. Encourage local officials to install park equipment, bike paths and safer
Childhood obesity has increased dramatically over the last three decades, and conditions in many communities continue to act as barriers to healthy eating and adequate physical activity. Childhood obesity is a serious health problem that has adverse and potentially long-lasting consequences for individuals, families, and communities. Perhaps most shocking, life expectancy for today’s children may be shortened in the United States because of the impact of childhood obesity (Olshansky and Ludwig, 2005).
A drive down the road in any given American city and one can observe at least one reason that the United States is struggling with obesity. One would be hard pressed to find a community that is not teeming with fast food restaurants. However, it might surprise some that the obesity epidemic in our country has reached the most vulnerable population of all and they aren’t even capable of driving themselves to these bastions of unhealthy food. The childhood obesity level has reached 34% of children in the United States (SHUMEI, 2016).Obesity is caused by consistently consuming more calories than are needed for the level of physical activity one has on a daily basis. Although there are several indicators of obesity, the CDC and The American Academy of Pediatrics use the body mass index (BMI). Childhood obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex (Perpich, 2011). Childhood obesity has been linked to an increase in Type 2 diabetes mellitus, asthma, hypertension, increased risk for cardiovascular disease and even affects children in psychosocial terms with low self-esteem and fewer friends than their non-obese contemporaries (Hispanic Health Care International, 2011). There are a variety of causes that work together for contributing to childhood obesity from the income level of the home to gender to even the location of the child’s home. Although there are many factors that can cause childhood obesity, we
A trampoline park in the city of Niceville, Florida can be very helpful with the obesity problem that has taken over the United States of America. When jumping on a trampoline, it has gone unnoticed that you are truly exercising. It is a fun form of exercise that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. This helps with getting the people of Niceville out from behind our computers, cellular devices and video games and putting that energy into a more fun, interactive, and productive form of games. People are beginning to go outside and get exercise less and less nowadays, but with a
Childhood obesity has been a growing problem in the United States. Reports beginning in 1960 there were few being recorded, because of that childhood obesity was not a problem in the beginning stages. Since then numbers of obesity in children has increased over 20 percent throughout the years. Beginning in the early 2000’s is when childhood obesity became the epidemic it once was, millions of fast food restaurants were being built all over across America. Also, children started becoming less active and becoming more involved with technology. However, because of childhood obesity becoming a problem it has caught the attention of the First Lady Michelle Obama and she has made it a goal to help children in America get in shape, be active, and join her “Let’s Move” campaign. Because Michelle Obama started the campaign, it started to get attention in the media and from celebrities who wanted to join on
Childhood obesity has expanded tremendously within the past thirty years (CDC, 2015). It is not only a state, but also a nationwide issue. For many children, they depend on their school lunches to provide them the nutritious meals they cannot afford to have at home. As a community, we need to get our children into better shape. Not only will they become more astute, but they will also live healthier lifestyles, and have less health complications as they age. When you are overweight or obese, you are much more likely to develop health problems like heart disease, diabetes, or even a stroke. It is our responsibility as a community, state, and nation to offer nutritious meals and activities for our youth and future.
Some of the major reasons why more and more children are becoming obese are issues due to the built-environment, lack of physical activity, and poor diet. Chicago is divided up into 77 communities. Some communities have greater risk factors than others. The different built-environments within the 77 communities can be a risk factor. A built-environment is simply the design and construction of a community’s structures, walkways, parks, and other physical and spatial aspects. Built-environments determine the walkability of a community. Walkable communities have many walkways with an abundance of crosswalks. There are lots of parks and open green space for recreation in a walkable community. The community is designed for mixed use, you can work, shop and play all within a few blocks to encourage walkability. Unfortunately, not all communities in Chicago are designed to be walkable. This causes a lack in physical activity as people tend to rely on cars to get from point A to point B and have no place to play or exercise. These communities are made up of predominantly lower-income families and are at higher risk of childhood obesity. Lack of physical activity in some of the neighborhoods is also due to high-crime rates. Families don’t allow their children to play outside as often in communities with high-crime rates. Too many children have died because of violence in the streets. According to Angela Caputo of The Chicago Reporter, 500 children were murdered throughout the neighborhoods of Chicago from 2008 to 2012 (Caputo A. 2014). With an alarming statistic like this, it’s no wonder why children don’t go outside to play. Another reason why children aren’t outside playing is the increased use of technology. Kids are too busy watching T.V., playing video games, and surfing the web. Kidshealth.org states that Children who consistently
“Obesity rates are increased among USA children by more than 300%” (Vitale). It is an epidemic that is alarmingly growing in children and growing into adulthood (Vitale, 2010).). It is important to realize that children are “not fully responsible for their own health choices and rely on adults to protect and nurture them; therefore need an environment
Setting the goal to improve the quality of parks in such vulnerable areas would take informing and recruiting the most affected demographic. Not getting enough exercise in lower income areas due to the lack of space and funding supports a sedentary lifestyle. The key here is funding not just for improvements to many for these community-based parks but continuous upkeep and maintenance. It would take a community and a county effort to improve these areas some have basketball courts and baseball fields with unsafe terrain that inhibits physical activities for a large number of over weight youth. Making that connection between our communities and the outside gets people involved, engaged and aware of the needs within the neighborhoods. Creating safe walking pathways and bikeways helps youth and adults also discover new ways of exercising. Parks can serve as an entertainment and educational venue as well extending healthy advise and access to what is available to serve community members. Farmers markets have become a way