Example Of An Argument

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ii) What is an argument? Elaborate with examples. In everyday life, people use argument to connote a squabble between people. But in critical thinking and logic, an argument is a list of statements, which consist of two or more premises or assumptions and a conclusion of the argument. To accord an argument is to provide a set of premises as reasons for giving credence to the conclusion and not necessarily to attack or criticise someone. Arguments can also be a tool to underpin other people’s opinions. Here is an example of an argument: If you want to find a good job, you should study smart You do want a good job So, you should study smart. The first two sentences are the premises of the argument and the final sentence is the conclusion. To…show more content…
Therefore, the patient does not have malaria. Referring back to the criteria that has to be fulfilling to produce a valid argument, the given example obeys the criteria with a true premise which leads to a true conclusion. This is how a valid argument is identified. For valid arguments, the addition of extra premises will not change the conclusion. A valid conclusion is deduced from a set of premises can never be changed by the addition of new premises. b) Invalid arguments If an argument is invalid, then it is possible for a false conclusion even though all the premises are true. It is logically possible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false. Here is an example of an invalid argument: All actors are robots Johny Dep is a robot. Therefore, Johny Dep is an actor. Now, if these premises are true, it does not follow that Johny Dep is an actor. It would follow if we mention that only actors are robots in the premises, but it does not say that. We can assume that anyone in the acting ccupation is a robot, but robots might be doing different jobs besides acting. So, the fact that Johny Dep is a robot does not guarantee that he is also an
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