Kalastaa Inc. have been in the local Finnish aquaculture industry for nearly fourteen years. They
The stakeholders have been identified as the firm’s employees, customers, shareholders, and the financial regulators. The shared common concerns of this group are the financial health of XYZ global financial services firm balance
I was personally unaware of this side of the industry until recently when I learned that they produce finfish, shellfish and other aquatic animals and that aquaculture has grown fairly large and
The Italian dairy food corporation Parmalat SpA was founded by Calisto Tanzi in 1961 and grew to a global company. It had about 140 production centers, 36,000 employees and 5,000 contracted dairy farms (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parmalat). The dairy food giant defaulted on debt in November 2002 and filed bankruptcy in December 2003. It sounds ridiculous because Parmalat’s subsidiary in Cayman Islands had a $4.9 billion cash balance in Bank of America account. However, this account was falsified. Meanwhile, Parmalat also hid losses of $10 billion and increasing assets as high as $19 billion. The auditors did not show enough professional skeptism and due care during the audit.
According to Greasley (1999, p9) there are 3 types of stake holders: internal, connected and external.
So investors should worry that Alibaba wouldn’t be share a significant amount of the value created with them over the time. Actually, lots of global public companies have a large shareholder with a lock on control, but normally controlling shareholders often won a substantial portion of the equity capital that provides them with beneficial incentives. In the case of Alibaba, investors need to worry about the relatively small stake held by the members of the controlling Alibaba Partnership (Bebchuk, 2014). All those factors shows Alibaba’s structure does not provide adequate protections to public investors. So investors expect Alibaba changes its Corporate Governance strategy, for instance Jack Ma need to reduce his stake in Alibaba within 5 years, including by having shares in Alibaba granted to Alibaba employees. It also should give more power to the shareholder’s to guarantee shareholder’s right which will seeks to allay investor concerns. If Alibaba change their strategy, giving its stockholders’ strong confidence, the business success of Alibaba might be large enough to make up for the costs of diversions and give public investors with good returns on their investment in the
* Insider trading – Lent and other colleagues sold large amounts of stock after the lock-up period had passed. They took the company public knowing about the large losses.
The Patagonian toothfish is another Chile and successful fish, better known as the Chilean Seabass as it was named by Lee Lantz, a young fish merchant. Upon being introduced to this fish he was told that there was no use for the fish in Chile because of its oily texture. Lisa past the rejection of this fish and sold it to the United States as a Chilean specialty. With a talent for marketing he brought the fish to its current popularity and fame in restaurants nationwide.
Located in Houston, Texas, the Villa Nueva I is an apartment complex that offers both one and two bedroom apartments. In the northwestern part of the city, the complex is close to public transportation and the I-45 and Highway 290 for easy traveling and commuting. It is also close to local parks, shopping centers, and restaurants which add up to a comfortable place to call home.
The manipulation of accounts fraud scheme is generally fulfilled by employees in top management positions and it usually involves making understatements or overstatements on financial statements making it very hard to detect. The process followed as Troy Adkins, (2015) explains is very simple. The financial statements are either overstated to show different figures in the earnings on the income statements making them look better than they actually are or the earnings in the current periods are manipulated in such a way that the revenue is understated or they inflate the current year’s expenses. The second process includes making the financial statements look worse than they are in reality. Deloitte, (2009) explains a number of ways which the accounts are manipulated where as one of the ways is to manipulate the reported earnings directly. They further explained that overstating the
The company currently faces serious financial challenges. It was struggling with declining sales and increasing costs. Since 2004, revenues had fallen by more than 40% while costs especially for employees health insurance, maintenance, and utilities climbed. Credits and loans had been borrowed to
These equity listings are different from companies such as BP and Exxon. All subsidiary companies’ shares were held by the Group Holding Companies in the ratio of 60/40 (Royal Dutch/Shell). The corporate structure is outlined in the figure below.
There can be a number of reasons for a company to go public or private. There are benefits, as well as disadvantages that go along with either course of action (Exhibit 1 for details). When firms decide to go private, they are no longer listed on any stock exchange market. The pressure of keeping accounting regularity and reporting to the public is no longer an issue. Instead, firms can be more flexible to reorganize the business profile as well as the management team. In many cases, shareholders and board members receive very rewarding financial benefits from this transaction. However, in some situations, public firms do not have a choice in the matter, as is the case in a “hostile takeover”.
For instance, the funds owed the company by the Rigas family went undisclosed in the statements, because the management at Adelphia deemed such disclosure as being “unnecessary” (Barlaup, Hanne, & Stuart, 2009). Given that Adelphia was a publicly traded company, the purposeful non-disclosure caused potential investors to rely on financial records that were grossly misleading. The inevitable result was the investors continued to inject money into a company that had all the appearances of profitability and sustained growth, but that was, in reality, rapidly becoming insolvent. Moreover, lending institutions also relied on the “independently-audited” financial statements, and they were more than eager to loan the company money, given Adelphia’s presumed state of financial “profitability.”
In 2003, the threads holding Parmalat’s fraud together quickly began to unravel. To back up the existence of the Cayman Islands account’s funds, Parmalat had been using a letter allegedly written to them from the Bank of America to confirm that a transfer of the funds had been made. However, after brief scrutiny it was revealed that the letter had been forged, and so the funds did not exist. As the scandal was put under further scrutiny, it was revealed that Parmalat had not only been lying about the money in the subsidiary, but about various other assets as well. The accountants working for Parmalat had essentially invented assets out of thin air to offset their expenses and liabilities, and were lying about revenues as well. After thorough investigation it was determined that Parmalat was $17.6 billion* in debt. Trade of their stocks was immediately suspended.