According to Kuhn, a paradigm is universally recognized scientific achievements (a theory of science), which become a framework for scientific research and knowledge. It is a set of practices that defines science for a particular period of time. This paradigm provides a scientific community a model, within which it evolves. The paradigm defines what is to be observed and analyzed, what kind of questions should be asked, how they should be structured, how the results of the experiment should be interpreted, how the research should be conducted as well as equipment it should be conducted with etc.
What is the difference, according to Kuhn, between normal and revolutionary science? (5 pts)
New scientific discoveries follow as the new paradigm is adopted.
The groundwork of a new paradigm must already be in a place in order for new scientific discoveries to be made. For example, Galileo was already thinking in terms of a new paradigm of natural motions before he discovered the pendulum. His new concepts and theories enabled him to see the phenomenon of the pendulum. Before this the pendulum wasn’t seen or addressed within the old paradigm
Why does Kuhn say that, before and after a scientific revolution, scientists “live in different worlds”? If Kuhn is correct in claiming this, why would a scientific community choose a new paradigm? (7)
Kuhn says that scientists “live in different worlds” when speaking of scientists living in different paradigms because people essentially start thinking in a complete different way, when converting to a new scientific paradigm. They stop thinking the old way and theories, which belonged to old paradigms, become impossible to explain. Paradigms cannot be explained through one another, since there is no