Examples Of Bronfenbrenner

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Introduction Urie Bronfenbrenner was a Russian-born American psychologist and is best known for his ecological system in the development of a child where he defines the four concentric systems that are the micro-, the meso-, the exo- and the macrosystems. He later added a time-related fifth system, the chronosystem. Bronfenbrenner is revered as one of the leading world authorities in the field of development psychology. The following essay will have an in-depth explanation of Bronfenbrenner’s theory and a few examples. Microsystems This is the layer closest to the child, which they have direct contact with. The microsystem encompasses the relationships and interactions a child has with her immediate surroundings (Berk, 2000). The structures that is included in this system includes the family members, school or childcare and community environment. This is the system that shapes the individual in terms of their moral, social, emotional and spiritual development. The parents may influence the child’s beliefs and development and visa versa- Bronfenbrenner calls these bi-directional influences (Härkönen, 2006: 7). Mesosystems This layer provides the connection between the structures of…show more content…
As the child grows older, the more complex the interactions with the environment becomes. Whatever happens in the child’s life, whether it is direct or indirect, influences the child either negatively or positively and that’s important to understand especially if you are a parent. Also, being a teacher, you need to understand what your learner is going through or what their behaviour is like in order to be an effective educator. According to the ecological theory, if the relationships in the immediate microsystem break down, the child will not have the tools to explore other parts of his environment (Berk,
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