Examples Of Cognitive Dissonance Theory

3805 Words16 Pages
Defining who you are is always such an arduous task. I never know what to say and I always draw a blank when I’m put on the spot. I never know what to say because I never really put too much thought into defining myself. It’s usually just something that you don’t think about too much because honestly it’s pretty difficult. Luckily there are theories that propose many ideas that help me define myself. Theories such as the Symbolic Interaction theory, cognitive dissonance theory, expectancy violations theory, and temperament. These four theories are each very different but they can all be used to help define who a person is. They propose reasoning and thought behind the ways we behave, communicate, and feel. What we might think to be…show more content…
Cognitive dissonance can formally be defined as “feeling of discomfort resulting from inconsistent attitudes, thoughts and behaviors,” (“Communication” 90). We will have a feeling of discomfort if new informations doesn’t fit with what we already know and we will take many steps to reduce it (“Communication” 90). We do this mainly because we seek psychological consistencies and that feeling of discomfort can lead us to changing our attitudes and behaviors (“Communication” 93). For example, when we try and keep dissonance from happening we will either ignore the different views that are presented, change either our views or the other person’s views depending on the situation, or trying to reassure ourselves after making a big decision (“Communication” 92). Dissonance also comes in different forms of impact. We will take into account how severe the situation is before making a final decision, or the magnitude of the situation (“Communication” 94). The magnitude is how much dissonance is felt (“Communication” 94). We take the account of magnitude in by looking at importance, ratio, and rationale of the situation (“Communication” 94-95). Importance is how significant we see the situation to be (95). The last two parts are ratio, the dissonant cognitions compared to the consonant cognitions, and rationale which is what we decide the reason behind the dissonance is (“Communication” 95). With the cognitive dissonance theory there are different ways in which we can perceive information and that help us reduce dissonance (“Communication” 96). The four perception types are selective exposure, selective attention, selective interpretation, and selective retention (“Communication” 96). The first perception is selective exposure which can be defined as looking at the information the we want to (“Communication” 96). The
Open Document