Examples Of Discursive Psychology

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1.6.3: Discursive psychology: The social constructionist forms of discourse analysis have been developed in the field of social psychology. Discourse analysis has become one of the most social constructionist approaches within social psychology. Discursive psychology treats written and spoken language as constructions of the world oriented towards social action. Language shapes social world. It constructs identities and social relations and helps in understanding the world. Language is a dynamic form of social practice. Discursive psychology draws partly on Ludwig Wittgenstein's later philosophy in which it emphasized that claims about psychological states should be treated as social activities instead of as manifestations of deeper 'essences'…show more content…
Discursive psychology studies how psychology is constructed, understood and displayed as people interact everyday and most institutional situations. There are many questions about a speaker; such as how does s/he show that they are not prejudiced when involved in social actions? How are actions coordinated? How is the mood of the speaker displayed? To answer such questions it is required to understand the psychology of people as they act and interact in particular settings. Discursive psychology does not start with a ‘technical’ story of mental processes, behavioral regularities or neural events that are happening somewhere below and behind the business of interaction. Rather it starts with the categories, constructions and orientations through which a sense of agency, say, or severe distress or a moment of understanding are displayed in a piece of interaction in a particular setting. Discursive psychology is interested in the psychology of language, i.e. language use that is why it does not focus on discourse. Discursive psychology starts with a view of people social and rational, and with psychology as a domain of practice rather than abstract contemplation. It focuses on discourse as it is the primary arena for action, understanding and…show more content…
In the former text, Potter develops a systematic account of the way versions are built as objective, as mere descriptions of actions or events. This addresses the question of how speakers manufacture the credibility of versions, and how this building can be challenged and undermined. Taking the example of attitudes again, this work considers the way in which versions can be produced to generate evaluations as features of the objects and events rather than positions or dispositions of speakers. This is clearly a key task when talk is about delicate or controversial topics, where motives and dispositions may be closely inspected. Thus constructing a version of a minority group that simultaneously produces negative characteristics (e.g. involvement with sexual violence) combined with a display of ‘sympathetic’ motivation toward that group (perhaps drawing on one of the culture repertoires discussed above) can work to avoid being seen as having racist attitudes. It should be noted the way the relationship between ‘mind’ and ‘the world’ is reworked here in the talk. One of the achievements of Discursive psychology has been to highlight how crucial this relationship as a practical feature of interaction. People construct versions of the world that have implications for their own disposition and thoughts;
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