Examples Of Division Of Labor By Emile Durkheim

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Is society real? French sociologist, Emile Durkheim, viewed society not as something that individuals created, but as something that already existed, that they advanced. He views society as similar to the organism; each organism mechanically carries out their assigned task, and doesn’t stray from their function. The difference, though, is that the possibility that people will go against the grain is far more probable, due to the wide range of abilities and dispositions that humans possess. Durkheim’s concept of social solidarity is what holds individuals together in a society. The organic type of solidarity and the division of labour seem to go hand-in-hand, initiating and furthering one other. The division of labour becomes more…show more content…
The researchers from the article studied the Gini coefficient and the number of patents published in the cities to come to the conclusion that the ‘sorting effect’ was the explanation for this divide. The concept of the sorting effect shows that “to reduce commuting costs, highly educated, highly paid individuals working at these companies choose to live nearby.” (Hao, 2017). The segregation between classes creates massive inequality of the residence’s quality of life. It is proven that “segregation has significant impacts on education, health, and intergenerational mobility” (Kao, 2017) either causing major benefits if you’re are on the top of the ladder, or substantial disadvantages for those less fortunate. Social solidarity is one of Durkheim’s most valued notions. There are two main types of solidarity: mechanical and organic. Mechanical solidarity is based on similarities, while organic solidarity is based on differences (Richardson & Roberts, 2011). A society usually only experiences mechanical solidarity when it is in its earliest stages. When a society is what Durkheim calls family or clan based, that is when mechanical solidarity is most prominent. The more a society develops, the more common it is to see organic solidarity; organic solidarity works with difference and dependence.
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