Examples Of Metaphor In Counselling

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"Ordinary words convey only what we know already ; it is from metaphor that we can best get hold of something fresh" (Rhetoric Aristotle, ch111 page 10 ed wd ross. 2010 ny cosimo inc). The Oxford English Dictionary defines metaphor as “the figure of speech in which a name or descriptive term is transferred to some object to which it is not properly applicable”. Kopp (1995) described metaphor as “derived from the Greek, meta, meaning ‘above’ or ‘over,’ and pherein, which means ‘to carry or bear’” (p. 92). In this context a metaphor is something that is carried over or beyond. Similarly, Lackoff & Johnson (1980) state that metaphors can be defined as one thing becoming a symbol for another. An example would be referring to a quiet person as a mouse. The usefulness of a metaphor relies on the user being able to connect with, and personally relate to the metaphor. When using metaphors, it is assumed that if aspects of the metaphor agree with aspects of reality, then…show more content…
According to Lakoff and Johnson (1980, p.233), “In therapy, much of self-understanding involves consciously recognising previously unconscious metaphors and how we live by them”. Types of metaphors The aim of metaphor usage in therapy is for clients to gather information about their own subjective experience, not necessarily for the therapist to understand it. This allows the client new perspectives and allows them to increase their awareness of their own process (Penny Tompkins and James Lawley 1997). Metaphors serve three important purposes in psychotherapy (Levitt et al., 2000): 1) Assist in the development of the relationship between therapist and client. 2) Add depth to the meaning of specific problems in the client's life. 3) Can serve as a possible marker of psychotherapeutic
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