Examples Of Phenomenology In Nursing

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INTRODUCTION Several articles have discussed the difference between interpretive and descriptive approaches of phenomenology in nursing literatures. However, so many researchers do not articulate which approach guides to use, nor do they identify the philosophical assumptions on which the study is based.Meanwhile, according to Lopez and Wills (2004) such lack of clarity makes it difficult for readers to obtain a sense of how the knowledge produced by the study is to be evaluated. Interpretive phenomenology stressed the understanding of individuals in relation to their actions and reactions to others. The reason for this study is to provide understanding of human science as the Science of Man, society and the state .Heidegger stated (1962) that the meaning of being is an important way of understanding human existence. Cody and Mitchell (2002), made a remarkable point of reminding nurses of the use of human science .According to them, our basic passion and rationale for pursuing human science nursing is the being- with witnessing and co-creating quality of lived by nurse-patient process. Phenomenology also refers to a philosophical attitude and research approach, where the prime position is that the most basic human truths are accessible only…show more content…
Meanwhile, the content to which it is use by philosophers goes to mean as defined by Holmes as “a view of the nature of being-in-the-world and of humans as self-interpreting has the spurred the evolution of the interpretive paradigm” (Appleton & king 1997, Holmes 1996).Phenomena are studied through the eyes of people in their lived situations. Examples of nursing theories developed within the interpretive paradigms are Parse’s (1992) Human Becoming-is based on the inseparability of humans and their environment and also Feininger’s (1988)- Transcultural Nursing, concerned with culturally competent care for people of similar or different
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