Excerpt 2 Summary

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Excerpt 2 is a short self-help article aimed at those who have experienced the trauma of a road traffic accident. The article is available on a website that publishes self-help techniques for different circumstances and contexts, all of which pertain to medical and educational advice offered by a team of physicians and medical students (, n.d). There are many forms of self-help which most frequently focus on the individual’s experience of an event and try to promote strategies or ways in which to cope following trying circumstances for the individual. The excerpt in question approaches self-help in terms of ‘empowerment’. This theory was one quickly adopted following the rise in self-help culture for Western societies in the…show more content…
Listed symptoms range from shock to trouble sleeping and a feeling of guilt. Crucially, the article also points out that for some, such feelings become overwhelming and impede on normal life. (Excerpt 2) Such a traumatic event can be described as an extreme circumstance. Dohrenwend (2010) offers extensive research into extreme circumstance providing context for the extent to which an event can be seen as traumatic and potentially life changing. By comparison to a continuous and particularly devastating event such as a war, a traffic incident in a peace time community falls further down Dohrenwend’s hierarchy of stressful events. (Dohrenwend, Cited in Wager, 2015). Nonetheless, the article does emphasise that only some people experience long term effects on overall well-being and general health following traumatic experiences. This is in line with psychological research which aims to explore why certain individuals might be better equipped to recover from trauma. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is observed as one of the major long term effects following an extreme event. For psychologists, established criteria for victims of such events are used to diagnose PTSD. (Wager, 2015). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) as a tool for diagnosis, expands on symptoms such as recurring memories of the event and alterations in mood. Many of these symptoms align with the symptoms listed for PTSD as part of the self-help offered in the
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