Excretory System

1437 Words Sep 22nd, 2012 6 Pages
Excretory system
DEFINITION
The excretory system is a passive biological system that removes excess, unnecessary materials from an organism, so as to help maintain homeostasis within the organism and prevent damage to the body. It is responsible for the elimination of the waste products of metabolism as well as other liquid and gaseous wastes, as urine and as a component of sweat and exhalation. As most healthy functioning organs produce metabolic and other wastes, the entire organism depends on the function of the system; however, only the organs specifically for the excretion process are considered a part of the excretory system.
Parts and functions
The Skin
The skin is responsible for producing sweat, which helps regulate the salt
…show more content…
The infection can be caused by the same microbes that cause urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, chlamydia and herpes simplex. Symptoms of urethritis vary between the sexes. Symptoms in men include blood in the urine or semen, burning during urination, discharge, frequent urination, pain and swelling of the penis and pain during ejaculation. Symptoms in women include abdominal pain, pain during urination, fever, chills, frequent urination, pain in the pelvis and vaginal discharge, according to Medline Plus. Treatment for urethritis includes antibiotics or anti-viral medication. Pain medications may also be prescribed to reduce symptoms associated with urethritis. During treatment, sexual intercourse should be avoided.
Pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection that travels to the kidneys from the urethra or bladder. The infection occurs when bacteria enter the body through the urinary tract. Symptoms of pyelonephritis include fever, pain in the groin, abdominal pain, frequent urination, persistent urge to urinate, burning during urination and blood in the urine, according to MayoClinic.com. Treatment for pyelonephritis usually consists of oral antibiotics. If the infection is severe, antibiotics may be need to be administered intravenously during a hospital stay. If left untreated, pyelonephritis can lead to permanent kidney damage or infections of the blood.
The excretory system, which is also referred
Open Document