Exegesis: Jonah

4151 Words Sep 27th, 2013 17 Pages
JONAH

OLD TESTAMENT EXEGESIS

K. Andersen
Old Testament
BIB 303
November 28, 2012

Table of Contents
Outline………………………………………………….2
Introduction……………………………………….……3
Content Analysis………………………………….……3
Nineveh and Jonah’s Decision…………………………5
Main Characters………………………………….….…8
Jonah’s Rebellion and God’s Grace………...…………11
Conclusion…………………………………….……….12
PracticalApplication………………………………..….12 Outline
1. Content Analysis: Jonah 1:11-17
2. Background and Introduction: Jonah was instructed by God to go to Nineveh and preach the message of repentance to them.
a. Nineveh was a terrible place at this time in history.
a.i. It was the capitol of the Assyrian empire.
a.ii. They
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16 At this the men greatly feared the Lord, and they offered a sacrifice to the Lord and made vows to him. 17 Now the Lord provided a huge fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.”

In verse 11, the subject of the sailors thinking has turned from them to Jonah and what he has done to cause such a thing and how he can fix it.2 Since they know Jonah is a Hebrew and follows the Hebrew God, they have come to realize and fear his God. Since they asked what they needed to do with him in verse 11, Jonah’s response to them in verse 12 is not pleasing to them. If Jonah would die from being thrown over board then the blood of his life is on their hands and on their time. So in verse 13, the sailors exhaust their last option of trying their best to row back to shore. Earlier they were throwing the cargo overboard to lighten the ship, which considering what the Tarshish ships were famous for transporting, luxury items (see section: Nineveh and Jonah’s Decision, below) the cargo they discarded may have been of a valuable loss. The sea growing even wilder is an example of chaos and God’s willingness to upset the order of nature and his creation to draw humans closer to him and awareness of his existence. By verse 14, the sailors are crying out to God and asking for the blood of

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