Exegesis of Ephesians 5 21-33

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Ephesians 5:21-33 p Principles of Biblical Interpretation RELI 3305 02 Instructor: W.B. Tolar December 8, 2011 Jordan R. Laessig Setting The book of Ephesians was written by the apostle Paul (Ephesians 1:1) while in jail (Acts 28:16-31) between A.D. 60 and A.D. 62. While most agree that this letter was written to address the church of Ephesus, some scholars believe that because the name Ephesus was not mentioned in the book, Paul was writing to all churches in Asia Minor, and Ephesus was just the first to have the letter delivered. “Paul is born in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia (Acts xxii. 3, &c.): an Israelite, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew, i.e., one who spoke Hebrew (Phil. iii. 4, &c.); educated in Jerusalem under…show more content…
This command sets the ground work for the next few verses and gives black and white instructions as to how a man must treat his wife and then how a wife must treat her husband. The verb in this passage is submission. Submission to one another and to the husband is emphasized through the command. Later on Paul uses love as his secondary verb. He commissions a man to love his wife as Christ loves the church. The receivers in the first section of this passage are our fellow brothers, which imply that everyone is the receiver. As we are to submit to everyone, they become the receivers of our submission. Then Paul uses husbands as the receivers of submission from the wives as the subject. Finally Paul uses wives as the receivers. Men are the subject and women are the receivers of love. Semantics There are a few key words that must be defined for accurate interpretation of this passage. The first significant word needing defined comes from 5:21. The word Submit comes from the Greek word Ὑποτασσόμενοι meaning to bring under control, put in subjection. This would imply that the one submitting would be under complete and absolute control of the one he/she is submitting to. The second word needing identified is the word reverence, used in verse 21. This word is also found from the Greek text and is identified as φόβῳ. The meaning for this use of the word is one of fear and
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