Exegesis of Genesis 22:1-19

2385 Words Feb 24th, 2012 10 Pages
Exegesis of Genesis 22:1-19

The book of Genesis forms part of a series of ‘historical’ books that begins with the creation story and ends with the destruction of the kingdom of Judah (6BCE.) These narrated events are in a chronological sequence (Barton 2001:38).It is the first book of the Old Testament and Pentateuch (Barton 2001:12) . Jews name these five books the Torah or ‘the law’(Holdsworth 2005:71). The passage(Gen22:1-19) reveals God’s relationship through a trial with a major character, Abraham. Key themes that are central to the Pentateuch lie within the passage; the sovereignty and grace of God; sacrifice and obedience; the establishment and reaffirming of covenants and the redeeming nature of God. What lies before and after
…show more content…
It is therefore important that passages are read with the acknowledgement of reinterpretation, translation discrepancies and unconscious add ons. This naturally leads one to critically consider the literature and its origins.

It is believed that the Pentateuch was compiled in the 5BCE from different sources. Coogan(2008:12) describes that Jewish tradition believed God revealed the Torah to Moses the author. Coogan(2008:20) challenges this perception by reporting that it was common place for authors of that area and culture to attribute their words to revered persons: Moses after all was the main character of the last four books. In the 17th century, the beginning of modern philosophy, men such as Baruch Spinoza, Thomas Hobbes and Richard Simon called for freedom from presumptions with consideration needed to explain style and inconsistencies such as different names used for God (Coogan 2008: 13.) Scientific challenges including Evolutionary biology and geology also appeared in 17th Century, again threatening the traditional perception associated with the authority of the Bible (Coogan 2008:15.) It is now believed that a number of authors wrote the Pentateuch. To help explain this, theories such as the Documentary Hypothesis have been considered. Coogan (2008:18) describes this as the editing of four different ‘sources’ into blocks or interwoven together to form the