Essay on Exegesis of Matthew

915 Words Feb 22nd, 2002 4 Pages
Exegesis of the Gospel according to Matthew Chapter 5:3-12
The Eight Beatitudes

In Matthew's Gospel, starting with Chapter five verses three through twelve, Jesus tells us of the Eight Beatitudes. These verses are much like The Ten Commandments in nature, but more philosophical:
· "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven."
· "Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted."
· "Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the Earth."
· "Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied."
· "Blessed are those who are merciful, for they shall obtain mercy."
· "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God."
· "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they
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The beatitudes are just a sample of the many teachings that this book has to offer. The text itself written by Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, does coincide with the beatitudes written by another of Jesus' disciples; Luke. Only Luke writes the beatitudes a little differently than Matthew. One example of the differences is in the first beatitude where Matthew writes, "Blessed are the poor in spirit…" where as Luke recorded Jesus as saying only, "Blessed are the poor…" By annexing "in spirit" Luke suggests that only the monetarily poor belong in God's kingdom, where Matthew seems to state that material status or social poverty alone are not the standards for faith. All throughout the beatitudes there seems to be the theme that it does not matter what is on the outside, but God sees and is only concerned with the inside of his children. Their hearts and their souls. It doesn't appear God cares much for material wealth or success in the world, but more so for what is in mans heart. Luke suggests ‘the poor' should be monetarily poor, and if they have any wealth they should give it all up to those more needy to give glory to God. Money and wealth may be seen by some as a sign of being in God's favor with darker signs and adversity a sign of some sort of punishment. Which should not be the case at all, Matthew seems to add "in spirit" more to identify wealth and social status is not the standard by which God will judge. Money and wealth do have an
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