Exegesis on Deut 6:4-6

4154 Words Jan 25th, 2011 17 Pages
Deuteronomy 6:4-6
An Exegetical Research Paper

Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts.

ESTABLISHING THE TEXT
The text is a passage known as the Shema (“Hear”) which has become the fundamental dogma of the Old Testament and was also identified in the New Testament (Mark 12:29-30) as the most important of all the commandments. This comprises the basic teaching which exhorts the Israelites to love God with their whole being, including the intellect, emotions and will. The central importance defined by Moses in this passage extends to the required teaching of these
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The researchers rely on plenty of assumptions to presupposes that the events in Deuteronomy were at contemporary with the influences of Egyptian foreign relations during the reign of Amenophis, Tutankahmun, and later Rameses. Egypt also had vassal states during that period and it is possible that the method of constructing treaties were available but not recorded. Polytheism was a major part of cultic religions at that time. This existed in Egypt, Assyria, among the Hittites, the popularity of the Hammurabi Code, and the rising power of Assyria in the North. There was worship of multiple gods in Egypt, among the Hittites, and the Akkadian influences.
Much of the Deuteronomy text was preserved. But it was only during the discovery of the VTE (Vassal Treaties of Esarhaddon), when this pattern provided clues that the book of Deuteronomy has been completed in 700 BC. (Weinfeld 1991). Esarhaddon, a cruel and tyrant king launched a campaign against Egypt in 668 BC. Before Esarhaddon launched the campaign, he named Ashurbanipal (some researches claim he is the son) to be crowned prince of Assyria. On the way to Egypt, Esarhaddon died and Ashurbanipal continued this conquest of Egypt and implemented the policies of Esarhaddon. But the Pharaoh of Egypt wanted to retain his power so he submitted Egypt to the
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