Exercise 2: Stratigraphy And Site Formation Processes

Decent Essays
Exercise 2: Stratigraphy and Site Formation Processes
Based on the drawing, Culture D is most likely the oldest. Most of the artifacts labeled as being from Culture D are in the bottom layer of soil. Though they do crop up in all the other layers, they appear to be disturbed rather than primary. Several are impeded in the temple, meaning that the culture that built the temple probably used dirt which happened to contain the artifacts was used unintentionally. The other D artifacts that appear closer to and at the surface were likely churned up by the constant disruption of the soil from the following culture. The third oldest culture was probably Culture C. There is a clear layer under which most of the D artifacts were buried. A trash pit
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Most likely, during construction, other cultures unintentionally used dirt containing said artifacts. Reuse: Reuse in this particular case is hard to identify. One possible example in the artifacts from Culture A embedded in the walls of the house. It is possible that objects created by A where broken and then inserted into the walls to help provide support or additional strength.
A possible history of the site would include the initial settlement by Culture D. There is no evidence of any artificial structures. It is possible that they used biodegradable materials, meaning that evidence of their settlement decomposed. After Culture D abandoned the site. Culture C then settled the area. Assuming that Culture B built the temple, there is no evidence of structures. There is a trash pit, so it can be inferred that Culture C did live in the area. Because their artifacts were so close together, it is possible that Cultures C and B lived very close in time. It is possible that Culture C abandoned the site due to some kind of natural disaster or that they were pushed out by Culture B. As they settled the area, Culture B dug up the dirt in the process of building their temple. That dirt contained artifacts of Culture C. It is also possible that they found artifacts from Culture C during this process and found them significant enough to include them in their own burials. Once Culture B moved off the area, their remains were most likely buried until Culture A found the site. As their house was built directly on top of the temple, it is possible that Culture A used the remains of the temple to strengthen the foundation of their house. Because the area was settled so many times, the soil was dug up and churned many times, meaning that artifacts from each culture were spread throughout the various strata of the
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