Exercise 3.4 : Reverse Discrimination Or Legal Affirmative Action?

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Exercise 3.4 - Reverse Discrimination or Legal Affirmative Action?
FORM 3.4.1
1. What conditions are necessary in order for an organization to show preference for one group over another?
As long as it is not sexual, racial or discrimination because of any disabilities which has no connection with the performance of the job, the organization can differentiate between different groups through job qualifications, skill sets education levels, interviews, , and many other conditions required by certain jobs.
2. Given the actual wording in section 703J of Title VII, which seems to explicitly prohibit preferential treatment, how can an organization show preference to women as in this case? Doesn 't position B seem more compatible with Section 703J?
The Title VII’s section 703J is very strict about preferential treatment not to be granted on account of existing number or percentage imbalance. So the organization cannot do anything to support themselves, if it does it will violate regardless of their intention and will be considered reverse discrimination.
3. To what extent did you take into consideration the great disparity in the number of male and female dispatchers? What if the 80% rule had been violated? Would you have a different opinion?
It is true that there is a great disparity in the number of workers but it is legal if the number of females applying is low. It is illegal when equal number of apply and more males are choses based on the sex. However if more males are
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