Existence of God Argumentative Paper

2119 Words Mar 12th, 2013 9 Pages
Jessica Black-212160
Philosophy
8-17-2012

McCloskey

There are many different types of arguments for the existence of God. With each argument there is a conception presented of God. For each argument there are different approaches. I will be focusing on the Cosmological and Teleological Arguments. Teleological
Arguments are known to be arguments from divine, arguing from order in the universe to the existence of God (1).With the ordering of the universe, created by an intelligent being, they hold that it is ordered towards a purpose or an end. The Cosmological Argument “is the argument that the existence of the world or universe is strong evidence for the existence of a God who
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The atheist holds that there is severe contradiction between claiming God is good, yet evil exists. Mackie, an atheist, says
"...the contradiction does not arise immediately; to show it we need some additional premises...these additional principles are that good is opposed to evil, in such a way that a good thing always eliminates evil as far as it can, and that there are no limits to what an omnipotent thing can do. From these it follows that a good omnipotent thing eliminates evil completely, and then the propositions that a good omnipotent thing exists, and that evil exists, are incompatible"(8). There exists two kinds of evil. There is “human evil,” and “natural evil” in which atheist claim are both forms of needless suffering. The logical problem of evil claims the
“tension” between simultaneously having evil in the world, while also having a perfect God. This would without a doubt be a logical contradiction according to the atheist. There is also the evidential problem of evil. With this claim, there is not contradiction, but the fact that evil exists, if give grounding evidence for being able to reject that God is all-powerful. It is a weaker version of the former, and claims that it is highly unlikely that an all-perfect God exists. Plantinga responds with trying to defend that it is reasonable to believe in God, even without evidence.

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