Existentialism In No Exit Essay

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In his play, No Exit, Jean-Paul Sartre examines basic themes of existentialism through three characters. The first subject, Garcin, embraces existentialist ideas somewhat. The second character, Inez, seems to fully understand ideas deemed existential. Estelle is the third person, and does not seem to understand these ideas well, nor does she accept them when they are first presented to her. One similarity amongst the three is that they all at some point seem to accept that they are in Hell for a reason.      Garcin admittedly is in Hell because he was unkind and unfaithful to his wife. He however, does not wish he had acted differently, for he says, “I tell you I regret nothing (p. 24).'; In this…show more content…
25),’'; and “You know, I don’t regret a thing (p. 25).'; She also states, “…I prefer to choose my hell…(p. 23),'; which advocates the principle that everyone has a free will. She gives a good example of the concept that mankind has a free will, and that few decisions are without any negative consequences when she says, “So now we have to pay the reckoning (p. 17),'; and “…people aren’t damned for nothing (p. 16).'; However, she violates the existentialist idea that everything is coincidental, nothing really happens for a purpose, when she persists in telling the others that they have been put there together for a purpose. An example of this is when she says, “Mere Chance?… Nothing was left to chance. This room was all set for us.';      Estelle perhaps had the hardest time coming to terms with her transgressions and existentialist ideas. She is in hell because she committed adultery, from which she birthed and killed her unwanted daughter, driving her lover to commit suicide himself. However, at some points, she almost refuses to believe that she is in hell, like when she says, “That’s just it. I haven’t a notion, not the foggiest. In fact, I’m
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