Expanding Child Participation During Prevention And Elimination Of Child Labor

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Expanding Child Participation in Prevention and Elimination of Child labor through Peer Education and Child Labor Monitoring (A Concept Paper) I. RATIONALE: A. BACKGROUND A survey conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) and international labor Organization (ILO) in 2011 estimated working children, 5 to 17 years old at 5.5 million. 3 million or 54.5 % were engaged in hazardous child labour. Under the law, child labor is defined as any form of work or economic activity performed by a child that subjects him/ her to exploitation, is harmful to health and safety, physical and mental or psychosocial development. The top three industries are agriculture, hunting, forestry, wholesale and retail, and private households. Over 60% are in agriculture while 30% are in the service sector. Families and children often times refuse to see the risks of dangerous occupation to children. They believe that it is necessary to be able to help in addressing the needs of the family. Regardless of the danger they face, children are forced into labour due to poverty and lack of available resources and services for their needs. School represent the most important means of drawing children away from labour. However, despite policy for free education, children do not attend school due to costs of books, projects, school supplies, meals and transportation and possible lost earnings. On January 2013, The Department of Labor and Employment, introduced the roll out of a convergence

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