Expected Patterns of Development in Children Aged 0-19 Years Essay

1263 Words Oct 31st, 2012 6 Pages
Expected patterns of development in children aged 0-19 years

Age Group | Cognitive | Communication | Physical | Social, Emotional & Behavioural | Moral | 0-3 months | Recognition of the smell of her mother. Baby stops crying when she hears her mother's voice. Recognition of familiar voices. | Crying when hungry. Cooing from 5-6 weeks. Crying when distressed. | Swallowing reflex. Sucking reflex. Rooting reflex. | Smiles of contentment from 5-6 weeks. Close contact with parent/carer. Contentment with familiar persons. | Not applicable | 3-6 months | Awareness of objects. Responds to own name. Follows moving objects. | Starts to imitate sounds. Smiles frequently. Laughs
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Finger feeding. Stand up with support. | Interest in anything new. Increased independence from primary carer. Enjoys playing with other people. | Not applicable | 18-24 months | Understands and responds properly to some words and simple commands. May match similar objects. Distinguishes between 'you' and 'me'. | Vocabulary increases each month. Asks simple questions. Points to pictures in a book. | Can walk backwards. Grasp, hold and throw a ball. May begin to run. | Identifies primary caregiver. Imitates movements and facial expressions. Develops a sense of security. | Not applicable | 24-30 months | Enjoys playing with puzzles and building blocks. Increased independence. Increased sense of individuality. | Vocabulary of 200+ words. May initiate games by talking and pointing. Less 'baby talk' and more cohesive and understandable sentences. | Runs forward. Attempts to dress and undress independently. Improved agility – i.e.: can hop on one leg on the spot. | Shows affection towards others Parallel play. Imitates the behavioural models of others. | Not applicable | 30-36 months | Can respond to simple directions i.e.: forward or backwards. Observes and mimics actions of others. Egocentric | May use 2 or 3 word sentences. Speech is understood by primary carers and other familiar people. Understands the roles and authority that adults have e.g.: police officers and teachers. | Can kick
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