Experientialist Characteristics

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NAME OF PERSPECTIVE MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS CHARACTERISTICS OF THIS PERSPECTIVE STRENGTHS OF THIS PERSPECTIVE DRAWBACKS OF THIS PERSPECTIVE
Intellectual Traditionalist Robert Maynard Hutchins, Mortimer Adler,
E.D. Hirsch,
Allan Bloom,
Diane Ravitch,
William Bennett, and Chester Finn Western intellectual tradition, human insight, understanding, and wisdom, persons of all backgrounds and from all eras need to consider: truth, beauty, goodness, liberty, equality, and justice (Adler 1981). By concentrating on disciplines and intellectual development, it neglects the importance of other great ideas, such as literature, art, music, philosophy, social, psychological theory, mathematics, history, and natural sciences. These expressions of insight are critical for a individual’s fully development.

Social Behaviorist E.L. Thorndike,
Harold Benjamin, positivist notion of science, time on task focuses on developing those behaviors that lead learners to success,
Scientifically with survey methods puts more standard in results than appearances
Experientialist -John Dewey Natural way of learning and teaching, Knowledge and values as part of a seamless fabric Curriculum should be derived from each learner’s experience, moving from psychological to logical Experientially taught students exceeded over traditionally taught students
CRITICAL RECONSTRUCTIONIST Student justice learning opportunities given to students are based on dimensions such as gender, race, socioeconomic class,
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