Experimentation And Other Research Designs

2140 Words Aug 7th, 2016 9 Pages
The most basic difference between experimentation and other research designs is that experimentation seeks to determine what might happen if certain variables in a given situation are changed. According to Cooper and Schindler (2014), experimentation requires that a researcher “accept the world as it is found” (p. 192). In other words, a researcher conducting experimentation is not seeking to determine a causal link between events and outcomes; rather, the experimenter seeks to determine what may happen if some variable in the chain of events is altered.
Unlike ex-post facto research, which asks questions after an event occurs to determine “what is or what has been” (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 192), experimental research manipulates variables to determine possible outcomes. While other research designs predominantly look backward at events, experimental research provides more forward-thinking conceptualization. With this, a research study can look at past events and then manipulate independent variables to determine either why an event occurred or how certain variables can alter future occurrences for a more positive outcome (Imai, Keele, Tingley, & Yamamoto, 2011).
At some level, causality is the general goal of nearly all research. Whatever the given situation, the researcher seeks to determine why something happened or what could be done to change the outcome. However, it is greatly important in all research to understand that statistical correlation does…
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