Explain The Importance Of Sea Travel And Exploration

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VU21481 Chung Kung GOH GEC00000BA 'Task 1 1. Tahiti , New Zealand , The Great Southland (Australia) 2. It was difficult to go looking for the 'Great Southern Land ', as the sea was dangerous,the wind did not always blow in the right direction for the sea travel and it was such a long way it was difficult to bring enough food and water. 3. Sea travel and exploration was very important in the thoose days as people could make a lot of money from trade and from gathering natural resources. Exploration was also important as people loved the idea of sea adventures and new discoveries. England was very interested in setting up a naval based and supply post in the Southern Hemisphere. 4. Captain James Cook was a seaman in the Royal Navy and…show more content…
Earlier in 1770, James Cook charted and claimed possession of the east coast of Australia for Britain. Seeking to pre-empt the French colonial empire from expanding into the region, Britain chose Australia as the site of a penal colony, and in 1787, the First Fleet of eleven convict ships set sail for Botany Bay, arriving on 20 January 1788 to found Sydney, New South Wales, the first European settlement on the continent. 2. They gathered together large numbers of convicts, responsible for both petty and serious crimes such as stealing, burglary, highway robery and possession of fire arms and , depending on their crimes sentences them to either 7 or 14 years of transportation,or to a life of transportation in Australia. The first convicts came to Australia in ships known as the First Fleet. There were eleven ships in the First Fleet and they were all commanded by Captain Arthur Philip. 3. There are four main justifications for punishments being designed and implemented. Justice for the victim is one justification. For example, punishments such as an eye-for-an-eye aim to make criminals suffer to the degree that their victims have suffered. Deterrence is another justification. For example, hanging someone in public was intended to serve as a warning to potential criminals about what would happen if they too broke the law. Rehabilitation is a third

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