Birth rate is defined as the number of live births per thousand of population per year. The US birth rate has dropped to the lowest point in over 10 years. In the first quarter of 2017, the rate fell to 61.5 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44. This has fallen from the previous year of 62.5 births per 1,000 women. (Emanuel, CNN, 2017)
(1993), every year the number of woman who chooses abortion is about 1.5 million in United States. Almost half of American women get unplanned pregnancy, and 54% of these end in abortion (Finer LB & Zolna MR, 2011). Nearly one fifth of pregnancies end in abortion (Jones RK &
In every society whether it was legal or legal, abortions were used to control fertility. In the United States it was practiced legally until about 1880, by then most states had banned it except to save a woman's life. It was widely practiced through the entire period it was illegal. In the 1890’s there were an estimate of two million abortions per year and, one to two million annually during the 1920’s-30’s. Whether a
Jones, R. K., & Kooistra, K. (2011). Abortion Incidence and Access to Services In the United States, 2008. Perspectives On Sexual & Reproductive Health, 43(1), 41-50. doi:10.1363/4304111
Demography is the science of human populations and their change over time, and the United States Census reveals important demographic changes decade-by-decade that affect politics, government and public policy. One of the most important demographic trends is that the U.S. has become a far more multicultural and multilingual society than it was in 1960, due in part from changes in the immigration laws in 1965 that abolished the quota system of the National Origins Act that favored European immigrants. As a result, Asians and Hispanics have been the majority of new immigrants over the past forty years and states like California and Texas already have majority-minority populations or soon will have. At some point in the 21st Century, the U.S. as a whole is going to become a majority-minority society for the first time in its history. Another major demographic trend is the rapid growth of the over-65 population as the Baby Boom generation begins to retire, which will mean heavier expenditures on federal entitlement programs like Medicare and Social Security. Elderly voters are also the most politically active group, especially when protecting these key safety net programs, and this has become a major political and public policy issue in recent years.
According to the website http://womenissues.about.com/cs/abortionstats/a/aaabortionstats.htm there are approximately 126,000 abortions conducted each day throughout the world. This website includes the abortion statistics of the world and breaks the data down to the demographics of the United States. It also discusses the decisions to have an abortion and the use of contraceptives in the United States. This was an informative website and included detailed statistics conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute. According to the website http://www.bls.gov/cps in 2000, gon average there were roughly 135 million employed and 6 million unemployed people in the labor force in the United States.h (p. 3) The websites definition of
Roe v Wade has had a major effect on fertility rates in the United States. The Supreme Court issued Roe v Wade in 1973. Before it was issued, America was going against abortion. “In the late 1960’s, a number of states tried to pass reforms that would have turned their restrictive abortion laws into, essentially, abortion-on-demand” (Last, 59). These attempts to make abortion available failed across the U.S. It is shown that there were few amounts of abortions before Roe. When the court ruled on Roe, the number of reported abortions had risen to 744,600. Over the span of 15 years, the number of abortions had risen by 100 percent. One decade after Roe, there was 34.19 million children that were born and 13.62 million were aborted.
Assuming that abortions have continued at the same rate since 1996, a cumulative total of at least 39.7 million legal abortions have been “performed” in America from the late 1960s through 1999. If all these abortions had instead been live births of children who lived normal lives, the population (taking into account the small fraction of natural deaths that might have been expected) would today be about 38.9 million — or fourteen percent — larger than the actual population of 275 million.
In this study they estimated mortality rates from 1998 to 2005. Their data was gathered from reports posted out by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. They looked at pregnancy-related mortality, common maternal comorbidities, and the characteristics of women. The data they found was over a ratio of 100,000 births and 100,00 abortions. In the discussion part of their study and one of their recognized strengths they explain that expressing information like mortality risks into ratio format is easier to understand. Pregnant women considering their options should be entitled to have accurate information about their risk factors (Raymond & Grimes, 2012). They found that 10.4 deaths occur per 100,000 live births and 0.6 deaths occurred per 100,000 abortions. All together their results conclude that according to national data sets, legal abortion in the United States remains much safe than
Tietze used New York City as a basis for his study and the data he used was based off of estimates for the first two years after abortion was legalized (Tietze, 1975). “According to the author’s estimate, about 70 percent of the legal abortions (50,000 per year) obtained by New York City residents during the first two years under the new law replaced illegal procedures” (Tietze, 1975, p. 123). The estimate implies that the total number of induced abortions, legal and illegal, increased about 40 percent (Tietze, 1975). The number of live births in New York City declined by 25 percent and, Tietze’s (1975) study estimated the increased number of legal abortions were responsible for about half of the decline in births.
During the year of 2012, 699,202 abortions were reported in the United States. The abortion ratio was 210 abortions per 1,000 live births. Adolescence aging from 20 to 24 years old accounted
Demography is the study of the components of population variation and change. Death rate and birth rate are two determinants of population change. Theory of Demographic Transition is comparatively recent theory that has been accepted by several scholars throughout the world. This theory embraces the observation that all countries in the world go through different stages in the growth of population. A nation's economy and level of development is directly related to that nation's birth and death rates. Population history can be divided into different stages. Some of the scholars have divided it into three and some scholars have divided it into five stages. These stages or classifications demonstrate a
The counts of the total number of abortions for the study period years come from published information from the Guttmacher Institute’s census of abortion providers (Finer and Henshaw 2003; Jones and Kavanaugh 2011). Following prior research, I used the CDC’s age distribution for each year to calculate the expected number of abortions that occurred in the age distribution of Add Health for each year, except in the years when an age distribution was collected by the Guttmacher Institute’s survey of abortion patients (Kost and Jones 2007; Fu et al. 1998). Because the CDC data is provided in ages ranges (under 15; 15-19; 20-24; 25-29; 30-34; 35-39; 40+), the Add Health data was restricted to best match these ranges (see Appendix 2 for further details).
This factors coupled in the last decades with a decline in the fertility rate, in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality.