Explain Three Major Sociological Perspectives Of Functionalism, Conflict Theory, And Symbolic Interactionism

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1.) Explain the three major sociological perspectives of functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. Identify which perspectives use a macro level or a micro level of analysis. Apply each perspective to socialization. • Functionalism – Macro Level – This means that each person has a specific function and that each society works together to achieve what is best. For example, my 2 children attend a public school. The school’s are funded by taxes that I pay as well as neighbors, who may or may not have children attending school. Schooling teaches knowledge and helps socialize my children. • Conflict Theory – Macro level – This is built off of resources, status and power that is not evenly distributed throughout groups in our…show more content…
The symbols generally have the same meanings across most societies, but may not have the same meaning to a particular individual. For example, a wedding band is a symbol. The wedding band symbolizes marriage. Marriage symbolizes love. However, some married people do not wear a wedding band for various reasons but that does not mean they aren’t married or aren’t in love with their partner. 2.) Discuss Cooley's concept of the "looking glass self". Be sure to describe the 3 steps in the process and provide an example. Compare this with Goffman's dramaturgical model of interaction. How are they similar and different? Be sure to include key terms such as impression management, front and back stage self, etc. • Cooley’s concept of the “looking glass self” states that a persons identity or self worth comes directly from their social interactions. That our self image is a direct correlation as to the responses and evaluations from others in our society. There are 3 steps: o We in-vision how our peers see us such as we may believe they see us as interesting or…show more content…
The front stage is where we are able to control what someone may see. Whereas the back stage is where we are able to let our guard down. Both front and back stage is something we are able to control, how people perceive us is something we can not control. I would like to add that both of these complement each other and play an integral part in our society. 3.) Identify and define the seven basic elements of nonmaterial culture. • Gestures are ways of communicating with others using our body. For example, we use our hands to wave, which is another way of saying hello. • Language is the the primary way of communicating with one another. This can be written or spoken. • Values help people determine what is right and wrong. They provide our moral compass in life. • Norms are behaviors or rules that set forth what is expected of us as people and as a society. • Sanctions are a way to control a person should they go against what is set in the norms. • Folkways are behaviors and rules that are not enforced, but expected of us. • Mores are behaviors or rules that should not be broken under any circumstances. These can not be overlooked. Such as rape or
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