Explain What Constitutes the Physical and Psychological Needs of a Three Year Old Child. Explain How You Would Ensure That These Physical and Psychological Needs Can Ideally Be Met in a Setting/Nursery Which the 3 Year

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Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how you would ensure that these physical and psychological needs can ideally be met in a setting/nursery which the 3 year old child attends from 8 am to 6 pm, 5 days a week. * Identify and define the specific physical needs of a three year old child – including exercise and rest, diet, health and safety. (10) * Give a full explanation of how these physical needs should ideally be met by an early years setting/nursery which offers care from 8am to 6pm five days a week. (17.5) * Identify and define the psychological needs of a three year old child – focus on emotional and social needs. (10) * Give a full explanation of how the…show more content…
Gross motor skills is the ability to move using the whole body while fine motor skills is the ability to perform skills that require hand and eye coordination for example eating with a spoon or building a tower of blocks (Macleod – Brudenell & Kay, 2008, pp72). A nursery should provide for enough indoor and outdoor room for the children to be able to refine their gross motor skills. Play areas should be adequately stocked with swings, slides and monkey bars, tricycles as well as child size tunnels and playhouses. This allows the children to play in the sun to help make vitamin D, however, this play must be controlled, as too much exposure to the sunrays can be harmful. Puzzles, building blocks, train sets, painting, scribbling, reading from age appropriate books, sand and water play, gardening all encourage and refine fine motor skills. As the brain, nervous system and muscular systems mature and develop, the child will automatically develop complex gross and fine motor skills. A nursery should provide adequate access to fresh air and ventilation. Poor ventilated areas lead to poor mental functioning, spread of airborne diseases, inhalation of pollen and house dust that can trigger allergies and inhalation of polluted substances. Dar es Salaam has tropical weather with high levels of humidity. My daughters’ classroom is equipped with

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