Explain and analyze Henri Fayol's principles of management

3216 Words Jul 21st, 2007 13 Pages
_Jovi Gan, 19107358, MGW 1010_

In the today business environment, organizations are changing and the role of managers within the organizations is going to be different than what it was a couple of decades ago. One cannot help but wonder whether the elements and principles of management identified by the father of management theory, Henri Fayol is still applicable after all this while.

Henri Fayol was born in 1841 and he graduated as a mining engineer in 1860 from the National School of Mines at St. Etienne. Following that, he took up a position as an engineer in Commantry-Fourchambault, a company in the mining industry. Fayol eventually rose to the position of managing director in 1888 and at that time, the firm was on the verge of
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The controlling function that is being identified by Fayol consists of ongoing, routine verification of plan implementation and principles. Controlling applies to all processes

and its purpose is to identify problems so that they can be rectified and recurrences prevented (Fells, 2000, p359). Control today is often tied with technology. Some of the control has been even been replaced by computers instead of being monitored by human managers. From an ethical perspective, many employees have expressed their concern that they are being "over-controlled" (scandals in managers monitoring employees' emails or phone conversation without them knowing) and the move now is towards self-control on the part of employees (Buhler, 1998, p17).

We will now move on to determine whether the principles of management identified by Fayol are still relevance in today's organizations.

Division of work has to do with the relationship between structure and function. Fayol notes that specialization is the natural order occurring in both nature and society. The object of such specialization is to increase output by making employees more efficient (Fayol, 1949, pp52 - 53). The dominant thought in designing jobs back then was that increased efficiency can be attained if each employee performs a specific task as opposed to generalization where each employee performs multiple tasks (Rodrigues, 2001, p880).

This principle can
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