Explain the Collapse of the Weimar Republic in the Period Up to 1933

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Explain the collapse of the Weimar Republic in the period up to 1933
The collapse of the Weimar Republic and the subsequent takeover by Adolf Hitler in 1933 was influenced by a wide range of factors. Although the revolution of 1918 resulted in a drastic shift within the German political system, the same could not be said for the social structure, culture and old institutes of Germany. Famously acknowledged as a “republic born with a hole in its heart” the overturn of the Hohenzollern monarchy in replacement for the Republic, was fraught with difficulties from its onset, including the failure of the conservative elites to support democracy, the perceived injustice of the Treaty of Versailles, economic and political instability, and the
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As Weimar leaders were forced to call upon the army to sustain the Republic against attack, as a result government were forced to introduce policies with which the army approved. Additionally, the existence of these military bands and private armies, particularly the Freikorps, was a danger to peaceful political development. They contained violent men whose political objectives were alien to a democratic republican regime. The failure of democratic governments to take firm action to suppress these bands permitted the electorate to be intimidated and contributed to the destruction of democracy.
The association of the Weimar Republic with military defeat and the international humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles, created a long term legacy of bitterness. This squashed attempts to establish the new Weimar as a positive amendment as it became a symbol of insult to the German honor and the shame which had resulted from the terms of the treaty. The armistice of 1918 came as a genuine shock to the Germans who had expected the peace settlement to be based on President Wilson’s Fourteen Points. Instead they were met with a diktat shaped by French determination for revenge, and a fifteen days deadline in order to respond. Despite the anger and emotion outbursts that greeted the news of the treaty, the reality was that the German government had very little choice other than to accept its terms. Under the terms of the Treaty, Germany lost about 13% of its
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