Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth – 19 Years

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Unit 1 Child and Young Person Development

Task 1

Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years

Children’s development can be grouped into four different aspects: physical, social and emotional, intellectual and language.

The physical development of a baby in its first six months of life shows limited range of movement but the beginnings of an ability to respond to stimulus around them. They show their reaction to people, sounds and movement by turning their head toward whatever attracts their attention. They will watch an adult’s face whilst feeding, but have already begun to shows signs of recognition as they will smile when familiar people are around them either because they can see them
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They can sew with a needle to form stitches.

Between six and seven years old, a child can skip, climb confidently and jump from a height. Not only can they pedal on a bike, now they can ride it. Forming letters has now developed so that the child can write and instead of sewing a few stitches, they can now thread a needle too. Dressing themselves has become easier as they can now do up their own buttons and lace their shoes.

From seven to twelve years old, a child can run, jump, skip, hit a ball, climb and swing. They begin to enjoy playing games in teams, although before the age of nine they may misjudge their ability.

Between twelve and nineteen years old, coordination and strength increase in boys and girls and by nineteen or twenty, they have full adult motor capabilities. Physical developments and changing appearances occur in both genders, though usually earlier in girls than boys. After initial breast budding at around ten, girl’s breasts begin to swell, pubic hair begins to grow and their bodies develop womanly curves. Some girls start to develop at eight and by thirteen are physically mature, but the age and speed of development varies widely. The average age for the start of menstruation is thirteen. Adolescence usually starts at about fourteen in boys – their voices drop and become deeper, they start to grow body hair and they gain muscle, testicular and scrotum growth. Again, there is great variation in
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