Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth - 19 Years

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NCFE Level 3 Supporting Teaching & Learning in Schools
Assignment 1
26 November 2012
Page No.1

Unit 1 Child and Young Person Development

Learning Outcome: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years.

Task 1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years.

The aspects of development are defined as Physical, Social & Emotional, Language and Intellectual. There are different stages of development for each category, 0-3 years, 3-7 years, 7-12 years and 12-19 years.

All children will follow the same pattern of development but at different rates and will reach their milestones at different times.


During the 0-3 year period
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Some will suffer anxiety at some point and worry about being a late or early developer.

Social and Emotional

Social and emotional development begins by showing affection and becoming attached to parents or carers and becoming what we usually call ‘clingy’. Young children may become distressed when a parent leaves the room or is not in sight. Slightly older children may demand attention and use tantrums to get their own way. They will generally be easily distracted from unwanted behaviour.

By age 2-3 years children enjoy playing with older people who provide them with attention and begin to enjoy time with children their own age. Over the next few years the child becomes more independent and coopertative and likes to help. They develop social skills and play with others is more comfortable as they begin to consider the feelings of others and make friends, although resolving disputes can still be an issue. Rules and routine are required to help the child feel secure and safe.

In later years the child becomes less dependant on their parents and moves closer to their peers. They develop a sense of right and wrong by may still adult intervention to settle arguments. They become aware of their gender and normally prefer the company of their own sex. Their behaviour differs with their emotions depending upon circumstance.

In the final stages of development puberty creates feelings of self-consciousness and
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