Explain the Sequence and Rate of Physical Development from Birth to 19 Years

2045 WordsSep 24, 20129 Pages
Unit 6 Assessment Criteria 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of development from birth to 19 years. Physical Development: Gross motor control: 0 – 3 years 1 month: Head droops if unsupported Pulled to sit, head lags Lies with head to one side Large jerky movements of limbs Arms active Turns head from cheek to cheek when on tummy Lifts head momentarily when on tummy Lifts head (bobbing) when held in vertical at shoulder Kicks legs rhythmically 2-3 cycles when on back Looks at faces and objects 3 mths. Head held erect for a few moments before falling forward Pulled to sit, a little head lag Lies with head in midline Movements smoother and continuous Kicks vigorously,…show more content…
port, two feet to a stair, creeps downstairs backwards No attempt to move to catch a ball Can climb up onto a toy Can squat to pick up a toy Squats to play Kicks ball forward 3 feet without falling Throws tennis ball overhead 3 feet while standing Moves on “ride-on” toy without pedals Runs without falling Jumps up 2 inches from floor with both feet Jumps from bottom step, may lead with 1 foot 2-3 years: Can throw a ball overhand and kicks ball enthusiastically Tries to catch a large ball by extending arms Can run Can ride a tricycle and other sit and ride toys Climbs on to furniture Walks alone upstairs using alternative feet Fine motor control: 0-3 years Birth: Reflexes give automatic tight hand grasp 4 Weeks: Hands tightly clenched and will only open when touched Not yet able to control hands Arms move when shown a toy (more random) Arms move together (symmetrically) Grasps rattle/finger when placed in baby’s hand Randomly brings hand to mouth Follows a moving face with eyes while lying on back Establishes eye contact Relaxes body when held and cuddled Enjoys and needs lots of physical contact Relaxes body when held and cuddles 3 mths.: Watches own hands Begins to clasp and unclasp hands together in finger play Presses palms together Hands more open (50% of time or more) Tries to reach for object (cannot grasp) Holds rattle momentarily when placed in hand Brings
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