Explain the impact and changes in Europe as a result of the invasions of the Vikings, Mongols and Ottoman Turks.

1492 Words Oct 12th, 2014 6 Pages
Explain the impact and changes in Europe as a result of the invasions of the Vikings?

While the Arabs from the south and the nomadic Hungarians from the east ransacked and tormented Europe, the Vikings produced the majority of the chaos, creating more and longer-lasting effects in Europe during their short existence as explorers and conquerors.
Some of the motivational factors that initiated the Viking invasions were: The death of Charlemagne, the consecutive weakening of the Frankish Empire and a Baltic Sea with a fragile and broken down trade. But one of the main factors for the actions of the Vikings was the growing population of young Vikings looking for settlement, adventure and wealth.
The Vikings were highly knowledgeable
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During a period of time known as the Pax Mongolica, there was peace and harmony among territories controlled by the Mongol Empire, a peace that lasted about a century allowing the restoration of trade routes. One of those routes was the silk route which permitted trade of new goods from Asia to Europe, cultural exchanges and knowledge. A figure that emerged from the trade and exploration of the silk route is Marco Polo.
The unification of Russia came as a positive aspect under the period of Mongol control. Before the Mongols, the Russian population was separated and organized into small self governing regions, but in order for the Russian people to defeat the Mongol empire, they had to unite.
The Mongol’s were defeated in 1480, thanks to the unification of the Russian people under the leading of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Since then, Russia has been invaded many times but never conquered again.
One of the most important contributions of the Mongols to Europe was the introduction of gun powder and guns. One can say that gun powder sparked revolutions, weapons innovations, modern military welfare, trade route control and European colonialism around the word.

Explain the impact and changes in Europe as a result of the invasions of the Ottoman Turks?
With the taking of Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453 and with the black sea and its routes under their
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