Explain the psychological basis for well-being;include the theories that support your findings.

3589 Words Jul 4th, 2014 15 Pages
Evidence Reference 8 Unit M3 2.1 Unit M2c 1.3

Unit M3 Manage health and social care practice to ensure positive outcomes for individuals.
Task D
Explain the psychological basis for well-being; include the theories that support your findings.
The literal meaning of Psychology from its Greek Etymology is “study of the soul”. A more contemporary definition from Chambers Dictionary is “science of the mind” or “the study of mind and behavior”. A fuller description is offered by the NHS “Psychology is a science based profession and is the study of people; how they think, how they act, react and interact. It is concerned with all aspects of behaviour and the thoughts, feelings and motivation underlying them”.
The idea that there is a connection
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Evidence Reference 8 Unit M3 2.1 Unit M2c 1.3

This hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security
As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social.
Soon, the need for love, friendship, and intimacy become important. Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority.
Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential.
Types of Needs
Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a major role in motivating behavior. Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation.
Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences. Maslow termed the highest-level of the pyramid as growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs). Growth…