Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth - 19 years

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Unit Title MU 5.2 Assessment Criteria 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years. Physical development is the increase in size which takes place as a child develops. It is the way the body increases in skill and becomes more complex in its performance. Whole body movements are described as gross motor skills and fine motor skills are the use of hands in co-ordination with the eyes to preform very delicate procedures with their fingers, with the eyes influencing the precise movements of the fingers. Physical development (gross motor) 0 – 19 years At birth – Reflex actions are: Child has rooting, sucking, and…show more content…
Boys normally begin adolescence at around 14 years of age which is sometimes later than most girls. When they have reached the end of this growth period however they are usually bigger than girls. Their body shape will change as their muscles grow and they will develop body hair. Their strength and co-ordination will increase greatly and their voice will change to become deeper. In the early stages of puberty testicles and scrotum will begin to grow and penis growth will start later but will continue for longer. Girl’s breasts will begin to swell from around the age of 10/11 years and continue throughout adolescence. They will develop hair in their pubic region and their body shape will change to become more rounded and curvy. Some girls may physically mature by the age of 15 years and nearly all girls will be at their full adult height at this age. Some girls will continue to develop larger breasts and a fuller figure. This is dependent on the age at which a girl begins puberty. There can be a huge variation for this happening, ranging from the age of 8 years to late teens. The average for girls to begin menstruation is around 13 years. Physical development – (fine motor) 0 – 19 years At birth – reflex actions are: A baby’s pupils will react to light and will open their eyes when held

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