Explaining Depression Essay example

608 Words 3 Pages
Explaining Depression

Among the many mental diseases, bipolar disorder has recently exploded
onto our society and still seems to challenge our medical professions.
Bipolar disorder has manipulated over 2 million Americans at one point
in time or another in their lives (2). It is quickly becoming a
recognized disease and is treated very seriously in today’s society.
There are two types of the bipolar disorder. In the type 1 of the
bipolar disorder, which is also the most severe, individuals may
experience the incidents of acute depression (2). In the type 2
disorder, manic symptoms are present along with the occurrence of at
least one extreme depressive incident. Bipolar disorder is a disease
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Mania surfaces around the age of fifteen to twenty
five and occurs as frequently in men as it does in women (2). The
manic phase of the bipolar disorder can be described by an increase in
goal-oriented activities, extravagant self-esteem, distractibility,
incessant thoughts, lack of self control, more talkative than normal,
easily agitated, boost in energy, and the reduced need for sleep. As
with depression, the manic phase can last for a few days up to months
(2).

Even though over 14 million individuals suffer from depression, it is
not a normal part of life and is very treatable. The first method of
treating an individual for depression is prescribing them two
different types antidepressant medication. The first medication is
called “Wellbutrin XL.” This type of antidepressant balances the two
types of neurotransmitters that cause depression (dopamine and
norepinepherine). (3) The second medication is called “Paxil CR.”
What this type of antidepressant does is it regulates the balance of a
chemical in the brain called “serotonin.” Serotonin is a natural
substance that acts as a messenger between nerve cells in the brain.
(4) A different method and the most effective method of treating
depression is called “talk therapy.” There are four different types
of talk therapy and each type focuses differently on each…

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