Explaining The Religion of Islam Essay examples

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Islam is currently the worlds 2nd largest and fastest growing religion with nearly one-fifth (approximately 1.2 billion) of the world’s population believed to be Muslim (About.Com, 2008, Online http://islam.about.com/od/muslimcountries/a/population.htm). Islam is a monotheistic religion which means it believes in the one God. It is Abrahamic or one of the ‘Religions of the Book’, this means that, similar to in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible and the Jewish Torah, stories such as that of the Creation story in Genesis and the stories of Abraham (abc.net 2009, Online http://www.abc.net.au/religion/stories/s790151.htm ). This essay includes a brief summary of the general beliefs of Islam, the Islamic take on social justice, a summary…show more content…
Prayer: The name given to the obligatory prayer which is to be performed 5 times a day is Shalat. Prayers are said at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall, and help determine the rhythm of the entire day, Shalat can be done anywhere, before praying there is a ritual cleansing to purify oneself before coming before god. It is always done facing Mecca, the homeland of Islam. Zakat: Zakat is essentially almsgiving, all Muslims are required to help share their wealth with the poor, this is generally done through a yearly tax of approximately 2.5% of an individuals annual income. Fasting: Fasting, or Saum, is an important part of Islam. During the lunar month of Ramadan, Muslims fast between sunrise and sunset. Fasting is supposed to help bring a Muslim closer to Allah and instil discipline. Hajj: At least once in their lifetime, if physically and financially possible, all Muslims are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca during Hajj which begins at the start of the 12th month in the Islamic Calender. Islam has an undefinable stance on social justice; just like most religions, with in that religion there are many different views and interpretations on social justice. One of the key features of Islamic life is Sharia Law which is the moral code of Islam, in this is a group of Haram offences which include pre-marital sexual intercourse, sex by
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