Explanation of Human Behavior

867 Words 4 Pages
Psychology as the article states is “it is a broad discipline, essentially spanning subject matter from biology to sociology. Psychologists have doctoral degrees. They study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behavior, and another between the environment and behavior. As scientists, psychologists follow scientific methods, using careful observation, experimentation and analysis. But psychologists also need to be creative in the way they apply scientific findings.”(APA, 2014) How psychology developed into science is when Wilhelm Maximillian Wundt whom a German physician philosopher, physiologist and professor and also the founder of modern psychology illustrated psychology as a science …show more content…
Behaviorism also believes in the scientific method and that only behavior that is observable should be studied because it can be objectively measured. This perspective rejects the idea that people have free will and acknowledges that the environment determines all behavior. Moreover humanism is another perspective that explains behavior in the sense that it studies the whole person. Humanistic psychologist look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but in the eyes of the person acting out the behaving. They believe that the individual’s behavior is related to inner feelings and self-image. This perspective differs from the behaviorist perspective in the fact that the humanistic approach centers their view that each person is different and each individual has the free will to change at any time in his or her life. This perspective was emphasized by the two most influential psychologists Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. In addition, the psychodynamic perspective explained that the human mind is like an iceberg, but with only a small amount of it being visible, which is our observable behavior. On the other hand it was the unconscious mind that had the most prime influence on behavior. Freud’s three methods of understanding the unconscious mind was through free association, dream analysis and slips of the tongue. He also
Open Document