Exploration And Production Of Petroleum

1780 Words8 Pages
In 1858 in Titusville, Pennsylvania the first oil well was drilled (Congressional Digest 2010). The thirty-eight years following that first onshore oil well would be dedicated to searching for oil resources and by 1896 those who searched accomplished what they set out to do (Congressional Digest 2010). They drilled in an offshore well just off of Summerland, California (Congressional Digest 2010). Oil had become an invaluable source of energy in America in 1910 and the people of America had begun to invent better ways of getting oil (Congressional Digest 2010). The business expanded into the Gulf of Mexico in 1938 (Congressional Digest 2010). In the 1940s, after the war, demand for oil rose and regulations on the prices of oil became nonexistent (Congressional Digest 2010). The petroleum industry continued to spread through open waters. By the 1950s “oil became the second-largest revenue generator for the country” (Congressional Digest 2010). Advancements in technology resumed to progress and grow throughout the years allowing for easier “exploration and production of petroleum in deeper water” (Congressional Digest 2010). In 1969 crude oil was poured out into the Dos Cuadras Field due to a rupture on Union Oil’s Platform A (Congressional Digest 2010). This oil spill caused Congress to not only pass several laws such as the National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Coastal Zone Management Act but also begin studying oil spills. This was not the first
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