Essay on Exploration of Deontological Ethics

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Exploration of Deontological Ethics


Deontological ethics is concerned not with the action itself but the
consequences of the action. Moral value is conferred by virtue of the
actions in themselves. If a certain act is wrong, then it is wrong in
all circumstances and conditions, irrespective of the consequences.
This view of ethic stands in opposition to teleological views such as
utilitarianism, which hold the view that the consequences of an action
determine its moral worth. Kant’s theory is deontological because it’s
based on duty. To act morally is to do one’s duty, and one’s duty is
to obey the moral law. Kant argued that we should not be side-tracked
by feeling and inclination. We should not
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To do ones duty is to perform
actions that are morally required, and to avoid actions that are
morally forbidden. Doing ones duty is doing the right thing, not the
wrong thing. We do duty because it is our duty to do so. To do moral
actions because it is good in self- interest is not a moral action. We
do not do our duty because of the consequence it brings but for the
duty, that is good in itself. Kant acknowledges that happiness is also
good, and happiness can be gained through good will and duty is the
highest good. Kant explains that actions should be acted not through
duty and not emotion. A human action isn’t good because we morally
feel it is good or because of self-interest but because of duty. An
action is good when it is done for the sake of duty.

Kant described as having produced a system of ethics based on reason
and no intuition. A moral person must be a rational person. Being good
means having good will. A good will is when I do my duty for the sake
of duty alone. I do my duty because it is right, and for no other
reason. Kant explained that that to act of duty is to perform actions
that are morally obligatory and not to perform those that are
forbidden.

Kant used the categorical imperative which is to help know which
actions are obligatory and which are forbidden. A categorical
imperative differs from the hypothetical imperative. The hypothetical
imperative…