Essay on Exploration of Deontological Ethics

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Exploration of Deontological Ethics

Deontological ethics is concerned not with the action itself but the consequences of the action. Moral value is conferred by virtue of the actions in themselves. If a certain act is wrong, then it is wrong in all circumstances and conditions, irrespective of the consequences. This view of ethic stands in opposition to teleological views such as utilitarianism, which hold the view that the consequences of an action determine its moral worth. Kant’s theory is deontological because it’s based on duty. To act morally is to do one’s duty, and one’s duty is to obey the moral law. Kant argued that we should not be side-tracked by feeling and inclination. We should not
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To do ones duty is to perform actions that are morally required, and to avoid actions that are morally forbidden. Doing ones duty is doing the right thing, not the wrong thing. We do duty because it is our duty to do so. To do moral actions because it is good in self- interest is not a moral action. We do not do our duty because of the consequence it brings but for the duty, that is good in itself. Kant acknowledges that happiness is also good, and happiness can be gained through good will and duty is the highest good. Kant explains that actions should be acted not through duty and not emotion. A human action isn’t good because we morally feel it is good or because of self-interest but because of duty. An action is good when it is done for the sake of duty.

Kant described as having produced a system of ethics based on reason and no intuition. A moral person must be a rational person. Being good means having good will. A good will is when I do my duty for the sake of duty alone. I do my duty because it is right, and for no other reason. Kant explained that that to act of duty is to perform actions that are morally obligatory and not to perform those that are forbidden.

Kant used the categorical imperative which is to help know which actions are obligatory and which are forbidden. A categorical imperative differs from the hypothetical imperative. The hypothetical imperative
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