Explore Academic Governance. According To Bolman And Deal

1561 WordsMay 14, 20177 Pages
Explore Academic Governance According to Bolman and Deal (2013), leaders needed to have the managerial skill of having objective perspectives when problems arose and having the leadership skill of creativity to discover new ideas and possibilities. The purpose of this paper was to discuss alternative organizational models of academic governance, the unique character of the organizations educators serve, and reflect on my organization’s academic governance. Alternative Organizational Models of Academic Governance Bolman and Deal (2013) stated that there were four-frame models that governed organizations, and the models were structural, human resource, political, and symbolic. Lightcap (2014) discussed the entrepreneurial model that was a…show more content…
Political Model Bolman and Deal (2013) stated that in the political model individuals competed for power and scarce resources. Bolman and Deal also noted that conflicts were common because needs and perspectives were different between individuals. Degn (2015) noted that managers attempted to sell a message and gain influence from individuals to obtain a certain goal. According to Bolman and Deal (2013), power can be concentrated in the wrong place, so goals were not completed. Symbolic Model Bolman and Deal (2013) noted that for the symbolic model organizations were depicted as cultures, rituals, and ceremonies instead of rules and policies. Degn (2015) stated that managers created stories to boost and maintain a positive self-image. Degn also noted that managers would look for problems and goals that matched their strengths to enhance the feelings of self-efficacy. Problems were raised when rituals and symbols lost their meaning to the individuals in the organization, and faith had to be restored in the organization (Bolman and Deal, 2013). Entrepreneurial Model According to Lightcap (2014), academic governance had shifted from the traditional model of state regulation and academic self-governance to the entrepreneurial model of stakeholder guidance, managerial self-governance, and competition. Lightcap stated that the universities were governed by outside sources such as businesses that hire the students, Boards of Trustees who have political

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