Explore the reasons why victim participation creates tension and conflict in the contemporary criminal justice system.

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Literature Review
Explore the reasons why victim participation creates tension and conflict in the contemporary criminal justice system.

Introduction
The purpose of this literature review is to explore the impact of victim statements in the contemporary criminal justice system and observe how it can create tension and conflict in the courtroom between the victim, and the courts process itself. There are two pieces of literature used as the focal point of this review, they are; Tracey Booth’s journal article from the Australian & New
Zealand Journal of Criminology entitled ‘Cooling out’ (2012), and the third chapter from James
Dignam’s published University text entitled ‘Victims and the Criminal Justice System’. The focus
of
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This resulted in dramatic events occurring in both the courtroom as well as outside when the media expressed the views of the family members outrage towards the court. This where Booth’s article displays its focal point, the cooling out process. A cooling out process is when the family members are fully explained the circumstances of why their VISs can not be used in conjunction with the law as well as their timely delivery of such information before they are needed to provide such VISs to ensure they are not delivered into stressful situations which result in anger and outbursts from the family during the court process. Booth then goes on to demonstrate through case studies that when these cooling out process are employed they greatly reduce the potential outbursts that create tension and conflict generated from rejected VISs and place the court into disrepute. This has resulted in reduced support for the movement to remove the process of VISs entirely.
Summary of Dignam’s literature
In Dignam’s piece of literature from 2004 has focused on how the representation of the victim in the criminal justice system has been revised and shifted over recent times, moving from the disenfranchisement of the victim to incorporating the victim into the criminal justice process. This is of great importance and a much needed step as Dignam demonstrates that victims need to feel

comfortable and correctly

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