Explore the theme of loneliness or loss and discuss how the writer has

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Explore the theme of loneliness or loss and discuss how the writer has conveyed this to the reader through their use of language and style.The stories, The Orphaned Swimming Pool by John Updike, Stone Trees, and The
First Adam by Jane Gardam,

Short Story Anthology

Choose three stories that you feel explore the theme of loneliness or loss and discuss how the writer has conveyed this to the reader through their use of language and style.

The stories, The Orphaned Swimming Pool by John Updike, Stone Trees, and The First Adam by Jane Gardam, all explore the theme of loneliness through the authors' use of language and their style.

Although all three stories explore the theme of loneliness or loss, all three stories have
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He considers her to be cold and unloving in their relationship, "I never meant that much to her". Bull also uses reported dialogue in his monologue he recalls what Moira said to her friends; "Oh no - Bull's not lonely.
Not the lonely type." This is juxtaposed by Bull himself, when he says
"She doesn't need me anymore". This shows the difference between
Moira's ideas about how Bull is feeling, and how Bull is actually feeling. It shows a lack of communication and understanding between the two people.

Gardam also shows Bull's loneliness by his constant nostalgic tone of voice and his recollections of the past; "Walking the dog last thing round the block you remember running, moving fast on your toes and dancing". This shows that Bull would rather relive the past where he feels he had a better time, than live in the present with a wife who doesn't really need him. Moira is seen (by Bull) to be completely in charge; "holding the reins". This has connotations of a parent holding a small child to prevent them from running off. This would leave Bull feeling as though Moira was in control, thus emphasising his feeling of 'uselessness'.

The title of The First Adam is symbolic, because it could refer to
Adam from Genesis in the Bible, who was the first human on earth and was therefore lonely until God gave him a partner. The title also refers to when Bull sees an orang-outang and realises that it is as lonely as him "Not a bugger to talk to".
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