Exploring How the British Could Have Achieved Victory in the American War of Independence

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An Investigation into How the British could have achieved victory in the American War of Independence

The American War of Independence was perhaps the first colonial war of independence during the period of European dominance across the globe. Great Britain, a relatively new country with a stable, democratic government, established an enormous trading empire which stretched from North America to East India and was the greatest superpower on Earth. It came to be so, firstly by its highly effective navy which allowed it to transport goods and defeat other rival fleets. Its government of elected officials allowed it to function more effectively compared to an Absolute Monarchy in terms of generating revenue from its colonies, and finally,
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It is believed she gave word to Paul Revere that the British were planning on destroying the armouries at Lexington and Concord and thus he spread the famous line of ‘The British are coming!’ Many British Generals serving throughout the French-Indian War began to sympathize with the colonists who fought alongside the British. This meant that many of the experienced and greatest of British Generals, including Gage himself, did not believe that war was the right option and did not believe in the British cause. So to prevent the catastrophes that Gage caused during the first months of the War, the British should have given the position to a General who was both capable but also sensible. Historians believe that if General Charles Cornwallis had of served in his stead then the early British disasters could have been avoided and the colonists would have been crushed in the first few months. Cornwallis was a competent commander, but when he inherited his Lordship, he often voted against heavy taxation of the colonies. Many blame him for the British defeat of the War because of his surrender at Yorktown but with his intervention at an earlier date, such a competent commander could have increased the odds of the British winning the war.

The British Army was a well trained but in no way was it ‘battle-hardened’. Being an island nation, Britain predominantly used its navy as its main weapon and the regular army for sea-to-land assaults e.g. assault on
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